On 15 December 2020, Prime Minister traveled to Kutch to lay the foundation stone for a 30,000 MW (megawatt) hybrid renewable energy park close to the Indo-Pak border in Kutch district. The project is billed as the largest of its kind in the world.
With the Government of India committing itself to installing 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022, the Gujarat government identified 1,00,000 hectares of wasteland near Khavda, 72 km north of Bhuj, close to the international border with Pakistan in Kutch, for an energy park.
In April 2020, after taking into consideration the requirements of the defence forces, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) gave its approval to use 72,600 hectares of the identified land to build the park.
The renewable energy park will have two zones: one, a 49,600-hectare hybrid park zone that will accommodate wind and solar power plants of 24,800 MW capacities; and two, an exclusive wind park zone spread over 23,000 hectares.
The project will be located between Khavda village and Vighakot. The project site is about 25 km from Khavda, which is the last point that can be accessed by civilians in the area.
The exclusive wind park zone will come up within 1-6 km of the international border.
The hybrid park zone will be located 6 km from the border. The Border Security Force is already present in the area. This site has been chosen because this is a complete wasteland. Secondly, if you put windmills near the border, they also act as a boundary.
The state government, after inviting applications, has allocated land to six developers. For the hybrid park zone, land has been allotted to Adani Green Energy Ltd (19,000 ha), Sarjan Realities Ltd (Suzlon, 9,500 ha), NTPC Ltd (9,500 ha), Gujarat Industries Power Company Ltd (4,750 ha) and Gujarat State Electricity Corporation (6,650 ha).
Adani Green will install a capacity of 9,500 MW; Sarjan Realities, 4,750 MW; GIPCL, 2,375 MW; GSECL, 3,325 MW; and NTPC, 4,750 MW. The entire 23,000 ha at the exclusive wind zone park has been allotted to Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) to set up wind projects under the competitive bidding route policy.
“The selected developers have to develop 50 per cent of the total generation capacity in the next three years, and finish the project in five years,” Tomar said. PowerGrid Corporation of India will evacuate the power produced at this park.
The BSF and Army installations are beyond the India bridge manned by the BSF. “An 18-km road will be built by the state public works department. It will bypass India Bridge and provide access to the project. Also, the existing road that leads from India bridge to Vighakot is being strengthened and widened,” a state government official said. There are a number of “no-go zones” around the project that belong to either the Army or the BSF.
The current peak power requirement of Gujarat is 18,000 MW. Out of the state’s installed power generation capacity of 30,500 MW, renewable energy forms 37 per cent or 11,264 MW. This includes 7,845 MW of wind, 3,273 MW of solar, 81.6 MW biomass, and 63.33 MW mini-hydro projects. There has been a 10-fold increase in renewable energy capacity from 1,170 MW in 2008 to 11,264 MW in 2020.