Congress accepted partition
The Congress accepted partition as a necessary evil keeping in mind the overall environment prevailing at that time. The major reasons could be cited as below: –
- Jinnah’s adamant and uncompromising attitude on the issue of partition.
- Muslim League’s undiluted capacity to stall the functioning of the Government.
- Widespread communal violence and bloodshed in the Eastern and Western areas of the country.
- As a price of immediate independence as it was getting delayed.
- There was also thinking that a smaller, unified and strong India would be better than a bigger and disturbed India.
Gandhi was very much opposed to the idea of partition, and urged Mountbatten to offer Jinnah leadership of a united India instead of the creation of a separate Muslim state. However, Nehru would not agree to that suggestion. In July Britain’s Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act, which set a deadline of midnight on August 14-15, 1947 for “demarcation of the dominions of India.”