Human genome project is a project aimed at deciphering all the three billion bases of the human genome, including mapping and sequencing every gene.
Significance of HGP
- The Human Genome Project has been the catalyst for enormous advances in the development of technology. For example, the polymerase chain reaction, or PCR, invented in 1985 by a biochemist, Dr K. Mullis, enables a very small amount of DNA to be copied many times over.
- The sequence of human genome will enable geneticists to cure the killer diseases like cancer.
- It may enable us to understand more about the diseases and thereby to design drugs.
- HGP aids in diagnosis of defective genes that cause disease.
- As HGP may serve as a tool to Eugenical concept, scientists can create superior, disease free human beings in future.
- It helps in somatic cell gene therapy and germ line gene therapy.
- Understanding the human genome will have an enormous impact on the ability to assess risks posed to individuals by exposure to toxic agents and radiations.
- Understanding the human genome will help us understand human evolution and the common biology we share with all of life.