How has India’s Nuclear Programme contributed to the economic and defence requirements of the country?(250 Words)

  • Our domestic R&D has enabled the development of indigenous Pressurised Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR) technology for electricity generation.
  • With Indo-US Nuclear deal there is a strong indication of India becoming a busy hub of nuclear trade.
  • India’s energy security is enhanced by Nuclear Power generation. Unlike other fuels, nuclear fuels ‘burn’ without any obvious change in the size, shape or appearance of the elements. They do not give rise to bulky ash or harmful fumes.
  • BARC has successfully developed green manure crop – Sesbania rostrata that is proving highly cost-effective for small farmers.
  • A tissue culture-based protocol for rapid multiplication of some commercial cultivators of banana has been developed. This technology has been transferred to the Maharashtra State Seeds Corporation.
  • Using micro-propagation technology, BARC has standardized large-scale multiplication of pineapple. Micro propagation protocol has also been standardized in three varieties of sugarcane. The Centre has made good progress in developing hardened plants for Acacia victoriae – a plant suitable for desert area. Here, several insect pheromones have also been synthesized and techniques for determination of nutrients in soils have been developed.


  • India’s defeat in the 1962 war with China and the latter’s nuclear test in 1964 triggered a realistic political approach towards global politics and instigated India to opt for Nuclear Missiles program.
  • India is only the fourth country that has Anti Ballistic capability called in India as the Indian Ballistic Missile Defense Program or the AAD. The Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) was an Indian Ministry of Defence program for the development of a comprehensive range of missiles, including the intermediate range Agni missile (Surface to Surface), and short range missiles such as the Prithvi ballistic missile (Surface to Surface), Akash missile (Surface to Air), Trishul missile (Surface to Air) and Nag Missile (Anti Tank).
  • Cruise Missiles – Brahmos and Astra
  • India is building 3 nuclear submarines under the Advanced Technology Vessel plan.
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