20th December 2020

Three New Systems for Indian Armed Forces

Recently, the Union Minister of Defence has handed over three new systems built by the Defence Research & Development Organization (DRDO) to the Indian Armed Forces.

Border Surveillance System (BOSS)

  • It is an “all-weather” electronic surveillance system successfully designed and developed by Instruments Research & Development Establishment (IRDE), Dehradun.
  • It facilitates monitoring and surveillance by automatically detecting the intrusions in harsh high-altitude sub-zero temperature areas with remote operation capability.
  • It consists of Battle Field Surveillance Radar (BFSR) and EO payload mounted on a pan-tilt unit kept at the observation tower.

Indian Maritime Situational Awareness System (IMSAS)

  • It is a state-of-the-art, fully indigenous, high performance intelligent software system that provide Global Maritime situational picture, marine planning tools and Analytical capabilities.
  • The system provides Maritime Operational Picture from Naval HQ to each individual ship in sea to enable Naval Command and control (C2).
  • The Centre for Artificial Intelligence & Robotics (CAIR), Bengaluru and Indian Navy has jointly conceptualised and developed the product and with the BEL.

ASTRA Missile

  • It is the indigenously developed first Beyond Visual Range (BVR) Air-to-Air Missile.
  • It can be launched from Sukhoi-30, Light Combat Aircraft (LCA), Mig-29 and Mig-29K.
  • It has been developed by Defence Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL) and production by Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) Hyderabad.


SolarWinds Hack

Recently, a new cyberattack called ‘SolarWinds Hack’ was discovered which in the United States, has emerged as one of the biggest ever targeted against the US government.

  • It was first discovered by US cybersecurity company FireEye, and since then more developments continue to come to light each day.
  • The sheer scale of the cyber-attack remains unknown, although the US Treasury, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Commerce, parts of the Pentagon are all believed to have been impacted.

SolarWinds Hack

  • It is a highly sophisticated threat actor which is considered as a state-sponsored attack.
  • The FireEye Company has said that attack was carried out by a nation with top-tier offensive capabilities and the attacker primarily sought information related to certain government customers.
  • The cyberattack, which was named Campaign UNC2452, was not limited to the company but had targeted various public and private organisations around the world.

Nature of SolarWinds Hack

  • It is being called a ‘Supply Chain’ attack because instead of directly attacking the federal government or a private organization’s network, the hackers target a third-party vendor, which supplies software to them.
  • According to FireEye, the hackers gained ‘access to victims via trojanized updates to SolarWinds’ Orion IT monitoring and management software”.
  • Once installed, the malware gave a backdoor entry to the hackers to the systems and networks of SolarWinds’ customers.
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